Critical thinking is an essential skill for researchers. Without critical thinking , your literature review will be just a summary of what others have said. Critical thinking enables you to evaluate the evidence of reported findings, and the opinions of experts. It enables you to gather information and assess its relevance to a question. It enables you to explore other points of view and form your own ideas. And it also enables you to consider the implications of findings and integrate these in your evaluation.
In this video from the University of Technology, Sydney, David Sotir discusses how to apply critical thinking skills to writing and research.
whiskery by jenny downing, Attribution License
If you haven’t come across this academic writing guide put together by Natilene Bowker from Massey University, I would highly recommend you download it and take a look. It has excellent sections on writing, referencing and critical thinking.
Academic Writing: A Guide to Tertiary Level Writing edited by Natilene Bowker from Massey University
trash can by tohu Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License
In this paper in the British Medical Journal, Trisha Greenhalgh talks us through some useful steps in evaluating a scientific paper.
Greenhalgh T (1997) How to read a paper : getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about) BMJ 315 :243
House of Knowledge, a sculpture by Jaume Plensa by Tim Green Attribution-NonCommercial License
Writing and research is all about thinking. The point is to create something new, and you need to think critically to do this. This great site from the University of Louisville has more details: Critical Thinking and Academic Research – Research Guides at University of Louisville