Tag Archives: citations

Showing whose idea it was


Who is that masked man? By Carolyn Lehrke, Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License

Your writing will be a mixture of your own conclusions and those of others. How do you clearly indicate which is which? This page from the Learning Advisers at the University of Queensland’s Student Services works through an example to show you how to make it explicit whose idea was whose in your writing.



Using quotes


Blunkett said that to you? No, no, I’d have done the same, by Dave Wild, Attribution-NonCommercial License

It’s not often we directly quote other authors in scientific writing, but when we do, it is important to know how to properly quote the material. This page has advice about when to use quotation marks and when to indent the quote, as well as how to cite the author and page number.


Customising Endnote citations

Sometimes you need the Endnote citation to look different to what comes up automatically. I have already discussed (in this previous post) how to change (Smith, 2001) to Smith (2001) so that you can put the author’s name in a sentence like this:
Smith (2001) found that 6 of 8 dogs treated with…..”

But what if you want to write a sentence like this?
There have been many published reviews of this issue (for example Smith, 2001).”

If you just insert the citation as you normally would you get this, which has too many brackets.


So instead you can format the Endnote citation to have a prefix. Start by inserting the citation the regular way, without putting it in brackets or writing “for example”. Then select the citation and, on the Endnote ribbon, go to Citations > Edit and Manage Citation(s).


The Edit and Manage Citations pane will open. Type “for example ” in the prefix section. Don’t forget the space after “example”. Then press ok.


Now your citation will be changed to look like this (except not purple!).


You can use the same text to add any words before or after the citation that will appear within the brackets along with the reference. Have a play and you will see how easy it is to get it just right.

Citation distortion


Walking a Thin Line by Cornelius Bartke, Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License

Citation distortion occurs when you do not accurately represent what the literature is saying. There are several varieties of this that you should avoid, as this article from the Woodruff Health Sciences Center Library at Emory University explains.


Using Endnote

If you are doing any academic writing you will need to acknowledge your sources. Endnote is a reference management tool which helps you to store references, find them, and automatically create citations and reference lists that are correctly formatted. You can change the reference formatting at the touch of a button.

For example you may prefer to write using an author-date style of citation. This style includes the names of the authors you are citing in brackets within the text. I recommend you use this method when writing because it allows you to become more familiar with who is who in the world in which you are writing. You will start to recognise key works by their authors names. But the journal you are writing for may require you to use a numbered citation formatting. Endnote can switch between these easily. It will reorganise the reference list appropriately switching it from alphabetical order to the order citations appear all by itself.

Endnote allows you to store references, search the full text and annotate them. No more lost references in the piles on the study floor. You can also download citations ad the full text of references directly from the library databases while searching.

You will save uncountable hours of work if you use Endnote right from the start, when you first start reading for writing. The following introduction to Endnote will help you get around the software and start using it.